The crown seized the properties and wealth of the monasteries, and England was thrown into a kind of religious identity crisis over the next few decades, as successive monarchs shifted the country back and forth from Catholicism to Protestantism several times. Each of these shifts was accompanied by danger, persecution, and death. After the defeat of the Spanish Armada inthe country along with its Protestant religion had established itself as a political power within Europe, and embarked upon a process of imperial expansion.
Shakespeare, Ibsen and Plato A mode of understanding Our journey is over. Through several plays we have explored Shakespeare's views on human beings and on the relationship between the individual and his community.
We have disregarded his language and poetry, his humour, and the finer construction of each play in order to concentrate on the most important parts of the content. Great writing is formed around inner patterns. Shakespeare disperses his rich offering through language and stories which, taken as a whole, relate a coherent philosophy.
He lets several ways of life throw light on each other, and compares their results. Our actions carry with them consequences for ourselves and others, some of which are good and others bad.
Shakespeare is indefatigable in his investigation of the relation of action to its results.
Like Plato, Spinoza and Hegel, he sees our choice of action as decided by an ever expanding horizon that leads from the starting point of our body and the here and now to the future and to understanding, from isolated desire to increasingly comprehensive communities.
The solidarity of these communities is extended right up to the international societies that meet us in a town like Venice or in the Europe of a visionary ruler like Henry the Fifth. Shakespeare has in addition given us a series of thorough studies of very complex personalities.
King Richard the Third shows a thoroughbred psychopath; in Macbeth we see inner struggle, fission and repression; Timon of Athens develops a characterisation which avoids any hint of simple-minded preaching on the part of the author.
People's actions and motives are mostly seen in terms of explanations drawn from nature or society, with some light thrown on personal background. The sum is an understandable world. Actions receive meaning in that some arrangements are better than others, even though happy solutions are rare, and all are sooner or later cancelled by death.
There is inner consistency and meaning in Shakespeare's plays. Modern science uses single cases as points of departure only, while final insights are shown through classes and types, or through laws and forces. Writers of fiction differ from scientists in that they express their insight through images, characters and stories instead of through conceptual relations and systems.
In Shakespeare's work this can be seen from the titles of the plays as well; almost all the great tragedies bear the protagonist's name, and so do the historic dramas. At the same time, each destiny has received a structure of generality, it conveys general phenomena and is made meaningful because of this.
Strictly personal histories tend to limit the means at the dramatist's disposal.
His simplest technique is plain juxtaposition, as when Falstaff's disgusting pranks are directly followed by the far wider perspective opened for young prince Hal during his dialogue with the country's dying king.
Other techniques are repetitions, miniature plays within the play, collateral stories or revealing conversations; but most important of all are the results that follow from actions. The spectator can see the outcome in full view on stage and can assess it on his own by holding it up against his own experiences in daily life, while the final assessment is made after criticism and debate.
In spite of the overt differences this way of working is in harmony with the basic attitude in the sciences and also in moral philosophy.King Lear is everyone's favorite Shakespearean tragedy about an aging king who decides to become a nudist.
Er—hold up. King Lear is Shakespeare's most gruesome tragedy about a nobleman getting his eyes gouged out, Oberyn Martell-style. Hmm. Still not getting all of the pertinent points in.
Okay. I teach many Shakespearean plays and using the "bad quarto" of in conjunction with the oft used conflated text is an eye-opener for students who get a chance to truly engage in the text when comparing, say, Hamlet's third act soliloquy of the Folio () version with the often maligned version.
Shakespeare’s Proto-Feminism In "Antony and Cleopatra" and "Hamlet": A 10 page paper discussing the character of Shakespeare’s women in these two plays. The paper specifically contrasts Cleopatra and Ophelia, and discusses whether the Bard was a proto-feminist.
These plays usually end happily, however in the case of “Macbeth”, the relationship that carries this important function, that is love, is con Premium Words 5 Pages Lady Macbeth Analysis Examine the way in which Shakespeare develops Lady Macbeth’s emotional voice between Act 1 .
Shakespeare’s story of a king who divides his realm between his three daughters probes the depths of human suffering and despair. First staged in , for centuries King Lear was thought too bleak to perform, but its nihilism has heavily influenced modern drama.
Read a character analysis of Lear, plot summary, and important quotes. Hamlet – both the character and the play in which he appears – is deeply concerned with performance.
In his very first scene, Hamlet polices the boundaries between performance and reality.